Don’t Play Everything!

This is a featured forum article written by Davio.

A mistake I often see less experienced players make is that they just keep auto-playing every Action card in their hand until they’re out of actions, even when the Action cards have 0 effect. What’s worse is that they keep playing those Action cards if they actually have a negative effect. Why? Well, just because they like playing strings of cards, because that’s what the game is about, right? Nothing like playing 10 Villages and feeling like a boss.

Zero Effect
This is the least hurtful, but it can still be annoying for your opponents. Imagine having drawn your entire deck and still having 5 Wishing Wells. Luckily, online interfaces know that you have no more cards and thus you can’t wish for anything, but I wouldn’t be surprised if someone got a smack in the face in real life for doing this and still wishing for stuff and acting all surprised “Oh, I don’t have any cards in my deck anymore!” every single time. Still, it’s not so bad to play Actions for 0 effect, it’s just pretty useless. But this paragraph only serves as a step-up to negative effects.

Negative Effect
When does playing an Action card have a negative effect? There are a couple of cases:

  • They hurt yourself directly
  • They hurt yourself indirectly
  • They help your opponent directly
  • They help your opponent indirectly

Let’s deal with each case separately to give you an idea of what I mean.

1. They hurt yourself directly
Now how can playing an Action card hurt yourself directly? Well, you could play Caravan before Menagerie, drawing a duplicate card when you had a hand of uniques, but that’s not what I mean. What I mean is with a card that forces you to do stuff like Golem-ing into an Ambassador, Masquerade, Trading Post and the likes. Let’s say your hand is a Golem and a lot of Colonies.  In the rest of your deck is two Poor Houses and 1 Ambassador.  Maybe your Golem will hit two Poor Houses for $8 and let you buy a 6VP Province.  But maybe you’ll hit that Ambassador and give your opponent 10VP.  Do you play it?  Well, if you’re desperately behind, then yes!  But you should weigh the risks before auto-playing the Golem.

Throne Room is similar: weigh the risks vs. the rewards. If you have TR-TR-Lab and some risky cards still in your deck, consider just TR-ing a single Lab instead of starting off with TR-TR.  Maybe you draw into Ambassador, and now you’re forced to Throne your Ambassador even though there’s no cards in your hand you want to return.  It’s too easy to automatically start a chain with TR-TR without thinking it through. TR-TR-Lab-Terminal leaves you with 2 Actions remaining while TR-Lab, TR-terminal leaves you with 1 action remaining. Is that one action worth the risk? I don’t know, but you should think about it.

With a hand full of Rats, don’t play a Rats, unless you’re really willing to just randomly trash the top card of your deck!

2. They hurt yourself indirectly
Actions that hurt yourself indirectly have mostly to do with your next hand. An easily understood example is playing a cantrip after a chain of Hunting Parties. A typical Hunting Party deck will be constantly discarding Coppers and Estates while finding your good cards, and after each Hunting Party you have an empty draw deck and a full discard of bad cards.

What happens when you play that cantrip? Your Coppers and Estates get shuffled into a new deck, one of which you will draw, and now your Hunting Parties played this turn will miss the shuffle. For the next several hands you’ll be drawing only those bad cards you tried to skip with your Hunting Parties. Shuffle timing is very important in HP decks, play the cantrips first to not risk drawing into your discarded crap.

Warehouse has a similar lesson. After a few Warehouses, you’ve discarded most of your crap.  Don’t trigger a reshuffle and redraw all those bad cards, leaving your next few hands to be nothing but Warehouse rejects.

There are a lot of cards which mess with the top of your own deck, either by revealing or drawing, and can cause an unwanted reshuffle. If you played a lot of good cards this turn, they will miss that shuffle. If you have reached a certain treshold, $8 for Province or $11 for Colony, and only have 1 Buy, always consider stopping the chain as an option. Think about what’s left in your deck. Try to leave $8 for the next hand as well instead of $12 for this one.

Cost reduction cards often have unexpected side effects.  If you’re planning on using Salvager, perhaps you should do so before your Bridges.  Once you play a few Bridges, your Salvagers (or Bishops, or Apprentices) might not be nearly as powerful as they used to be!

3. They help your opponent directly
Reactions immediately should spring to mind when thinking about cards that help your opponent directly.  Your Mountebank into her Trader is pretty beneficial for your opponent.  Of course you don’t always know whether your opponent is holding Watchtower or Trader when you’re thinking about playing that Sea Hag. But again, you should think about it. Sometimes you can know in advance due to having seen the cards of your opponent with a missed Bureaucrat or Cutpurse. There are also cards which give the opponent an extra card or choice, Governor, Council Room, Vault, Bishop, etc.. I’ve made a costly mistake once when I needed to play 2 Governors as remodels to get the last Duchy and Province. I took the Province first, allowing my opponent to sneakily transform a $4 into the last Duchy. It was a silly mistake which could have been prevented if I hadn’t played on auto pilot.

4. They help your opponent indirectly
Examples of cards that help your opponent indirectly are the ones that mess with the top of the deck. Uncertainty plays a part with Sea Hag and Swindler. Consider a game where you’re trailing by less than 1 Province and you already have $8. Curses are gone, but you think “what the heck, let’s play Swindler” and oops your opponent trashes a Province for a Province, and now you lose.

It helps to know what’s on top of your opponent’s deck, Oracle, Spy, Scrying Pool etc. help, but even if you don’t know it’s good to pause for a second. The information you have about the top of their deck is not 0. Because Dominion is a game of incomplete information, the trick is to make the best decision based on the little information you do have. Oftentimes you can prevent looking like a fool if you think about the order you want to play your cards in. If after a couple of Rabbles your opponent has 2 Provinces on top and then you play a Tribute for kicks and giggles (you don’t need the benefit of 2 cards), your opponent will be very grateful!

If you’re playing at a high level it’s important to not give your opponent more information than what’s absolutely necessary.

  • You might want to play your Treasures one at a time, revealing only what you need to.  (No need to let your opponent know you drew all five Platinums in your deck this turn.)
  • Imagine a game with Governors where you just played your single $4 card, a dead Sea Hag, for no real reason other than maybe discarding a good card. Your opponent can now safely use Governor to remodel knowing that you can’t pick up a Duchy this turn.
  • If you draw your Smugglers, but then your opponent buys a Province, don’t play the Smugglers gaining nothing!  Now your opponent knows that his purchases are not going to be smuggled until at least your next reshuffle.
  • If you draw multiple dead King’s Courts in your hand, just discard them.  Don’t make a show of sympathy by playing them for no effect.

What to take away from this
I’ve shown a couple of ways for Action cards to either hurt you or help your opponent. Now I’m not trying to scare you into never buying or playing some cards or doubting every simple situation, I just urge you to weigh the risks versus the rewards. Don’t just play your Action cards simply because you have actions left over. Dominion is a highly situational game where solid tactics can sway close games in your favor. Don’t just consider which cards to play, always consider if it’s even worth playing them at all.

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8 Responses to Don’t Play Everything!

  1. ackmondual says:

    Ditto with Junk Dealer, Upgrade, and other cards that forces you to trash things… if you have enough, then don’t risk hitting a Victory card, or another card that you may need to buy the desired Victory card.

    Another case is if you have $8 or $11 for that Colony, then consider playing it safe and NOT doing anything to change that, such as playing a Cellar that can cause you to NOT have enough $$ now. It’s another thing if you can get more buys, or gain cards in addition to the buy itself.

    Last but not least, I don’t suppose it’d be too big of a stretch to include Treasure cards too… don’t play Contraband if you want to the good stuff (unless you can outdo your opponent in mind games and convince him to pick a different card to forbid), let alone mutliples of them. Don’t play Loan if you think it’s gonna shuffle by your good cards, or hit a good Treasure. This happens more with digital implementations, but don’t “play all” if you want to buy that Grand Market… ironic but true that $7 hurts more than $6.

    • Anonymous says:

      Well if you’re referring to Goko then “Play all” doesn’t play coppers (if you area able to buy GM) unless you then click on them afterwards.

  2. Davio says:

    @ackmondual I had wanted to include Treasures into the article, but never found the time to revise it. It’s implicit though, if you get the gist of the article you can simply apply it to Treasures as well. It’s just an urge that we need to fight: Hey I can play this card, so why shouldn’t I? Even the order is important, I know there have been times where I played Jester (hitting a Silver) first and Sea Hag second.

  3. DStu says:

    I once lost a game to wlan-disconnect because I played an additional unneeded action chain after I already had $8, instead of buying the last Province directly. Network went down during my turn, I lost.
    http://www.councilroom.com/game?game_id=game-20110913-115844-2ccf357b.html

  4. Fanatic says:

    Ambassador does not require you to return any cards. You may return up to 2 cards of the revealed type, or you may return 0 of the revealed type – so these don’t work for your example of playing cards hurting yourself.

    The rest is spot on.

    • ackmondual says:

      ?? It’s not the returning a good card that hurts you… as you mentioned, you choose to return 0 of that card. It’s the fact that you’re forced to give others a copy of that card. The example of 4 Colonies and an Ambassador… don’t play the Ambassador if giving each player a Colony won’t give you the win.

  5. Anonymous says:

    there is also the caravan/counting house combo. IF you haven’t seen that counting house just yet and you have about 6 cards in your deck left, DO NOT play the caravan. Let it be so you have the 7 extra coppers (or whatever) for your awesome counting house

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